For citation statistics and the most up-to-date list, please see Mark’s Google Scholar profile.

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Refereed Journal Articles


Melville KT, Kamran M, Yao J, Costa M, Holland M, Taylor NL, Fritz G, Flematti GR and Waters MT: Perception of butenolides by Bacillus subtilis via the α/β hydrolase RsbQ. Current Biology 2024 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.12.035


Kamran M, Melville KT, Waters MT: Karrikin signalling: impacts on plant development and abiotic stress tolerance. J Exp Bot 2023 doi: 10.1093/jxb/erad476

Waters MT, Nelson DC: Karrikin perception and signalling. New Phytologist 2023 doi:10.1111/nph.18598


Haywood J, Breese KJ, Zhang J, Waters MT, Bond CS, Stubbs KA, Mylne JS: A fungal tolerance trait and selective inhibitors proffer HMG-CoA reductase as a herbicide mode-of-action. Nature Communications 2022 doi:10.1038/s41467-022-33185-0

Waters MT: Plant Development: Sizing up the competition with strigolactones. Current Biology 2022 doi:10.1016/j.cub.2022.06.093

Sepulveda C, Guzmán MA, Li Q, Villaécija-Aguilar JA, Martinez SE, Kamran M, Khosla A, Liu W, Gendron JM, Gutjahr C, Waters MT, Nelson DC: KARRIKIN UP-REGULATED F-BOX 1 (KUF1) imposes negative feedback regulation of karrikin and KAI2 ligand metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana. PNAS 2022. doi:10.1073/pnas.2112820119


Meng Y, Varshney K, Incze N, Badics E, Kamran M, Davies SF, Oppermann LMF, Magne K, Dalmais M, Bendahmane A, Sibout R, Vigel J, Lauencia-Chingcuanco D, Bond CS, Gutjahr C, Waters MT: KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE2 regulates leaf development, root system architecture and arbuscular-mycorrhizal symbiosis in Brachypodium distachyon. Plant J 2021. doi:10.1111/tpj.15651

Yao J, Scaffidi A, Meng Y, Melville KT, Komatsu A, Khosla A, Nelson DC, Kyozuka J. Flematti GR, Waters MT: Desmethyl butenolides are optimal ligands for karrikin receptor proteins. New Phytologist 2021. doi:10.1111/nph.17224


Carbonnel S, Torabi S, Griesmann M, Bleek E, Tang Y, Buchka S, Basso V, Shindo M, Boyer, F-D, Wang, TL, Udvardi, M, Waters MT, Gutjahr C: Lotus japonicus karrikin receptors display divergent ligand-binding specificities and organ-dependent redundancy. PLoS Genet 2020 doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009249.

Khosla A, Morffy N, Li Q, Faure L, Chang SH, Yao J, Zheng J, Cai ML, Stanga JP, Flematti GR, Waters MT, Nelson DC: Structure-Function Analysis of SMAX1 Reveals Domains that Mediate its Karrikin-Induced Proteolysis and Interaction with the Receptor KAI2. Plant Cell 2020 doi:10.1105/tpc.19.00752

Sun YK, Yao J, Scaffidi A, Melville KT, Davies SF, Bond CS, Smith SM, Flematti, GR, Waters MTDivergent receptor proteins confer responses to different karrikins in two ephemeral weeds. Nature Communications 2020 doi:10.1038/s41467-020-14991-w


Yao J and Waters MTPerception of karrikins by plants: a continuing enigma. Journal of Experimental Botany 2019 doi:10.1093/jxb/erz548


Waters MTSpoilt for Choice: New Options for Inhibitors of Strigolactone Signaling. Mol Plant 2018 12: 21-23.

Yao J, Mashiguchi K, Scaffidi A, Akatsu T, Melville KT, Morita R, Morimoto, Y, Smith SM, Seto Y, Flematti GR, Yamaguchi S, Waters MT: An allelic series at the KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE 2 locus of Arabidopsis thaliana decouples ligand hydrolysis and receptor degradation from downstream signalling. Plant J 2018, 96: 75-89. doi:10.1111/tpj.14017

Wang L, Waters MT, Smith SM: Karrikin‐KAI2 signalling provides Arabidopsis seeds with tolerance to abiotic stress and inhibits germination under conditions unfavourable to seedling establishment. New Phytol 2018, 219: 605-618. doi:10.1111/nph.15192


Waters MTFrom little things big things grow: karrikins and new directions in plant development. Functional Plant Biology 2017, 10.1071/FP16405

Waters MT, Gutjahr C, Bennett T, Nelson DC: Strigolactone Signaling and Evolution. Ann Rev Plant Biol 2017, 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042916-040925


Flematti GR, Scaffidi A, Waters MT, Smith SM: Stereospecificity in strigolactone biosynthesis and perception. Planta 2016, 243:1361–1373.

Brewer PB, Yoneyama K, Filardo F, Meyers E, Scaffidi A, Frickey T, Akiyama K, Seto Y, Dun EA, Cremer JE, Kerr SC, Waters MT, Flematti GR, Mason MG, Weiller G, Yamaguchi S, Nomura T, Smith SM, Yoneyama K, Beveridge CA: LATERAL BRANCHING OXIDOREDUCTASE acts in the final stages of strigolactone biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1601729113.


Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Moulin SLY, Sun YK, Flematti GR, Smith SM: A Selaginella moellendorffii Ortholog of KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE2 Functions in Arabidopsis Development but Cannot Mediate Responses to Karrikins or Strigolactones. Plant Cell 2015, 27:1925–1944.

Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Flematti G, Smith SM: Substrate-Induced Degradation of the α/β-Fold Hydrolase KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE2 Requires a Functional Catalytic Triad but Is Independent of MAX2. Mol Plant 2015, 8:814–817.


Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Sun YK, Flematti GR, Smith SM: The karrikin response system of Arabidopsis. Plant J 2014, 79:623–631.

Scaffidi A, Waters MT, Sun YK, Skelton BW, Dixon KW, Ghisalberti EL, Flematti GR, Smith SM: Strigolactone hormones and their stereoisomers signal through two related receptor proteins to induce different physiological responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 2014, 165:1221–1232.


*Scaffidi A, *Waters MT, Ghisalberti EL, Dixon KW, Flematti GR, Smith SM: Carlactone-independent seedling morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. Plant J 2013, 76:1–9. [*Joint first authors]

Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Flematti GR, Smith SM: The origins and mechanisms of karrikin signalling. Curr Opin Plant Biol 2013, 16:667–673.

Waters MT, Tiley AMM, Kramer EM, Meerow AW, Langdale JA, Scotland RW: The corona of the daffodil Narcissus bulbocodium shares stamen-like identity and is distinct from the orthodox floral whorls. Plant J 2013, 74:615–625.

Rauf M, Arif M, Dortay H, Matallana-Ramírez LP, Waters MT, Gil Nam H, Lim P-O, Mueller-Roeber B, Balazadeh S: ORE1 balances leaf senescence against maintenance by antagonizing G2-like-mediated transcription. EMBO reports 2013, 14:382–388.

Flematti GR, Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Merritt DJ, Ghisalberti EL, Dixon KW, Smith SM: Karrikin and Cyanohydrin Smoke Signals Provide Clues to New Endogenous Plant Signaling Compounds. Mol Plant 2013, 6:29–37.

Waters MT, Smith SM: KAI2- and MAX2-Mediated Responses to Karrikins and Strigolactones Are Largely Independent of HY5 in Arabidopsis Seedlings. Mol Plant 2013, 6:63–75.

Bythell-Douglas R, Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Flematti GR, Smith SM, Bond CS: The Structure of the Karrikin-Insensitive Protein (KAI2) in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS ONE 2013, 8:e54758.


Smith SM, Waters MT: Strigolactones: Destruction-Dependent Perception? Curr Biol 2012, 22:R924–R927.

Waters MT, Scaffidi A, Flematti GR, Smith SM: Karrikins force a rethink of strigolactone mode of action. Plant Signal Behav 2012, 7:969–972.

Waters MT, Brewer PB, Bussell JD, Smith SM, Beveridge CA: The Arabidopsis ortholog of rice DWARF27 acts upstream of MAX1 in the control of plant development by strigolactones. Plant Physiol 2012, 159:1073–1085.

Scaffidi A, Waters MT, Bond CS, Dixon KW, Smith SM, Ghisalberti EL, Flematti GR: Exploring the molecular mechanism of karrikins and strigolactones. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2012, 22:3743–3746.

Scaffidi A, Waters MT, Skelton BW, Bond CS, Sobolev AN, Bythell-Douglas R, McKinley AJ, Dixon KW, Ghisalberti EL, Smith SM, et al.: Solar irradiation of the seed germination stimulant karrikinolide produces two novel head-to-head cage dimers. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2012, 10:4069–4073.

Waters MT, Nelson DC, Scaffidi A, Flematti GR, Sun YK, Dixon KW, Smith SM: Specialisation within the DWARF14 protein family confers distinct responses to karrikins and strigolactones in Arabidopsis. Development 2012, 139:1285–1295.

2011 and earlier

Waters MT, Smith SM, Nelson DC: Smoke signals and seed dormancy: where next for MAX2? Plant Signal Behav 2011, 6:1418–1422.

Nelson DC, Scaffidi A, Dun EA, Waters MT, Flematti GR, Dixon KW, Beveridge CA, Ghisalberti EL, Smith SM: F-box protein MAX2 has dual roles in karrikin and strigolactone signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2011, 108:8897–8902.

Waters MT, Langdale JA: The making of a chloroplast. EMBO J 2009, 28:2861–2873.

Waters MT, Wang P, Korkaric M, Capper RG, Saunders NJ, Langdale JA: GLK transcription factors coordinate expression of the photosynthetic apparatus in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 2009, 21:1109–1128.

Waters MT, Moylan EC, Langdale JA: GLK transcription factors regulate chloroplast development in a cell-autonomous manner. Plant J 2008, 56:432–444.

Waters MT, Fray RG, Pyke KA: Stromule formation is dependent upon plastid size, plastid differentiation status and the density of plastids within the cell. Plant J 2004, 39:655–667.

Book Chapters

Bonhomme S and Waters MT: Evolution of strigoractone biosynthesis and signalling. In: Koltai H., Prandi C. (eds) Strigolactones – Biology and Applications. Springer, Cham. 2019 doi:10.1007/978-3-030-12153-2_5

Waters MT, Flematti GR, Smith SM: Assaying Germination and Seedling Responses of Arabidopsis to Karrikins. Plant Hormones: Methods and Protocols. In: Kleine-Vehn J., Sauer M. (eds) Plant Hormones. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 1497. Humana Press, New York. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-6469-7_4

Waters, MT, and Pyke, KA: Plastid development and differentiation.
In: Plastids (Møller, SG, ed.) p. 30-59, 2004. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Other Publications

Waters, MT, Bussell, JD and Jost, R: Arabidopsis hydroponics and shoot branching assay. 2012